Data Collection Survey on Formulation of Mandalay Transport Master Plan
Until it was occupied by Britain in 1885, Mandalay was the center of the country where the capital of the Konbaung dynasty, the last dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). Mandalay, which currently has a population of more than 2 million in the urban area, has prospered as a trading hub between India (Assam region) and China (Yunnan province) for a long time due to its geopolitical advantage. According to the National Transport Master Plan, Mandalay is the northern end of the north-south corridor (Yangon-Naypyidaw-Mandalay) and is the National Growth Center.
On the other hand, Mandalay and its surroundings are the oldest industrial park in Myanmar. Over 1200 companies (mainly local companies) are operating in the industrial park. The volume of current industrial park is compacted to accept additional companies. It is one of the driving forces for Myanmar’s economy as well as Mandalay and its surroundings. As a result, the city of Mandalay has expanded to include Sagaing Township on the opposite bank of the Ayeyarwady River.
The 20 to 30 km area is recognized as a widespread metropolitan area. Within this range, daily urban transportation (daily movements of people such as commuting to work and school), regional logistics (Mandalay Port, Mandalay Industrial Park), and national logistics (Muse-Mandalay-Yangon, etc.) are interlaced, causing complicated traffic problems. To address these issues, the Ministry of Construction tried long-term traffic demand management through city planning for Mandalay.
The Mandalay Region Government and the Mandalay City Development Committee have taken measures to promote the use of public transportation, such as the development of bus stops, and introduced the SCATS system.
In conducting this information collection / confirmation survey, we are focusing on the current traffic behaviour to formulate the master plan.